Germany is seen as a leader in thermal retrofit policy and practice, but how effective is its approach? A Critical Appraisal of Germany's Thermal Retrofit Policy examines this policy in context and assesses its effectiveness. It finds that technical constraints and the costs of retrofitting reduce the rate of progress, while planning underestimates the influence of user behavior in the form of rebound and prebound effects. A key finding is that savings can be maximized within a policy that understands the actual behavior and motivation of households, the area where most energy savings are already taking place.
The book suggests a new policy paradigm that would encourage a better balance of partial and comprehensive retrofits, utilizing household behavior changes based on a better understanding of fuel saving motivation and fuel price elasticity. In this approach, the thermal building regulations would be made more flexible so that policymakers would:
- Promote partial, transitional and cost-optimal retrofits, which are more certain to pay back through fuel savings if they are appropriate to building typology and homeowner budgets.
- Promote comprehensive retrofits for reasons other than economic gain, focusing instead on the comfort and environmental benefits of energy-efficient homes.
- Invest more heavily in educating households to heat economically, learning from the prebound effect so as to maximize the utility of the homes they currently occupy, and base payback time calculations on actual consumption.
The results and findings of this book would be of interest to policymakers, researchers and graduate students alike.
This guide book vividly introduces the budding gardener to the joyous hobby of window box gardening.
Window Box Gardening - A Practical Introduction is intended for those living in cities without much - or any - gardening space. This well-written, passionate guide introduces the plants of winter, spring and summer perfect for your first forays into window gardening. In this way, aspiring horticulturalists can assemble a full, cohesive itinerary to keep their planters and plant pots blooming through the year.
Instruction is likewise given upon the subject of miniature window greenhouses, with guidance offered as to construction of a small one for the home. Designed to keep plants blooming and alive through the cold winter months of temperate climates, the simplicity of the concept
The creative, practical techniques demonstrated are also perfect for those wishing to attain a foundation to move on to cultivation of herbs in planters. While most of the plants detailed in abundance within this book are common mainstays of the everyday, beginner window gardener, it is noted that there are infact thousands of plants adaptable to the conditions of the windowsill, sun and ventilation (and perhaps landlord) permitting.
Finally, the book examines the practice of constructing sea gardens in aquariums. Citing the availability of both DIY aquarium kits as well as commercial models, the author draws a parallel between the tranquil home for fish and the splendid display of colour bursting from a finely tended window garden. In contrast yet compliment, this guide proposes that their similarities as two forms of indoor gardening needn't have too large a line drawn between.
Written by longtime gardening enthusiast Tiffany Grant, this book brings the personal experience of the author living in a first floor apartment to the page. The ability to imprint a part of herself to the page, and thereby confer learning and overall profit to the reader, is not to be doubted. At this conclusion of this primer, the reader is intended to feel inspired, motivated and confident to commence window gardening.
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